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Exosomes

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IL-18

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Tetramers

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Mechanisms and detection methods of p62/SQSTM1 and its importance in the autophagy pathway.

The ubiquitin-conjugating protein p62/SQSTM1 is thought to be a scaffold protein that interacts with a variety of molecules involved in toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling, such as TRAF6, ERK, and aPKC. Recent evidence suggests that p62 binds directly to the autophagosome marker LC3 and is then selectively degraded by autophagy.

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LC3: The gold standard for autophagy research

LC3, a mammalian homologue of yeast ATG8, is a soluble protein that is distributed ubiquitously in mammalian tissues and cultured cells. LC3 has been studied most extensively and is frequently used as an autophagy marker in mammals. Newly translated LC3 (proLC3) is immediately processed at the C-terminus in order to form LC3-I. During autophagy, autophagosomes engulf cytoplasmic components, including cytosolic proteins and organelles. Concomitantly, a cytosolic form of LC3 (LC3-I) is conjugated to phosphatidylethanolamine to form LC3-phosphatidylethanolamine conjugate (LC3-II), which is recruited to autophagosomal membranes.

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Give Your Research 100% With a S100 Antibody

S100 proteins are a family of proteins known for their role in a variety of cellular pathways and diseases. This blog post will catch you up on the latest research on these important proteins.

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Is Wnt3a an essential component in organoid culture?

Organoids are self-organized three-dimensional tissue cultures that are derived from mammalian pluripotent or adult stem cells. These in-vitro-grown cell clusters are given possibilities to replicate much of the complexity of an organ. There are potentially as many types of organoids as there are different tissues and organs. To date, researchers have been able to prepare brain, kidney, lung, intestine, stomach, liver and many more are developing.