Anti-IL-18 (Clone 93-10C) (Mouse) mAb

  • Applications
    • IP
    • NT
  • Target IL-18
  • Host Species Rat
  • Species Reactivities Mouse
  • Code # D048-3
  • Size 100 μl
  • Price
    $328.61
Specifications

Alternative Names

interleukin 18 (interferon-γ-inducing factor)

Background

Interleukin 18 (IL - 18) is a n 18 kDa cytokine which identified as a c ostimulatory factor for production of interferon - γ (IFN - γ ) in response to toxic shock and shares functional similarities with IL - 12. IL - 18 is synthesized as a precursor 24 kDa molecule without a signal peptide and must be cleaved to produce an active molec ule. IL - 1 converting enzyme (ICE, Caspase - 1) cleaves pro - IL - 18 at aspartic acid in the P1 position, producing the mature, bioactive peptide that is readily released from the cells. It is reported that IL - 18 is produced from Kupffer cells, activated macroph ages, keratinocytes, intestinal epithelial cells, osteoblasts, adrenal cortex cells and murine diencephalon. IFN - γ is produced by activated T or NK cells and plays critical roles in the defense against microbiral pathogens. IFN - γ activates macrophages, enhances NK activity and B cell maturation, proliferation and Ig secretion, induces MHC class I and II antigens, and inhibits osteoclast activation. IL - 18 acts on T helper type - 1 (Th1) T cells and in combination with IL - 12 strongly induces them to produce IFN - γ . Pleiotropic effects of IL - 18 has also been reported, such as, enhancement production of IFN - γ and GM - CSF in p eripheral blood mononuclear cells, production of Th1 cytokines, IL - 2, GM - CSF and IFN - γ in T cells, enhancement of Fas ligand expression by Th1 cells.
  • Antibody Type:
    Monoclonal
  • Application:
    IP, NT
  • Clone Number:
    93-10C
  • Concentration:
    1 mg/mL
  • Conjugate:
    Unlabeled
  • Description:
    Interleukin 18 (IL-18) is an 18 kDa cytokine which identified as a costimulatory factor for production of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) in response to toxic shock and shares functional similarities with IL-12.
  • Formulation:
    100 µg IgG in 100 µl volume of PBS containing 50% glycerol, pH 7.2. No preservative is contained.
  • Gene ID (Human):
  • Gene ID (Mouse):
  • Host Species:
    Rat
  • Immunogen:
    Recombinant mouse IL-18
  • Isotype:
    IgG1
  • Product Type:
    Antibody
  • Reactivity:
    This antibody reactswith mouse IL-18on Immunoprecipitation.
  • Research Area:
    Immunology
  • Short Description:
    Interleukin 18 (IL-18) is an 18 kDa cytokine which identified as a costimulatory factor for production of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) in response to toxic shock and shares functional similarities with IL-12.
  • Size:
    100 μl
  • Species Reactivity:
    Mouse
  • Storage Temperature:
    -20°C
  • Target:
    IL-18
Citations
  1. Beadling C, Slifka MK. Differential regulation of virus-specific T-cell effector functions following activation by peptide or innate cytokines. Blood 105, 1179-86 (2005),
  2. Chaix J et al. Cutting edge: Priming of NK cells by IL-18. J Immunol. 181, 1627-31 (2008),
  3. Fukao T et al. Synergistic effects of IL-4 and IL-18 on IL-12-dependent IFN-gamma production by dendritic cells. 164, 64-71 (2000),
  4. Humann J, Lenz LL. Activation of naive NK cells in response to Listeria monocytogenes requires IL-18 and contact with infected dendritic cells. J Immunol. 184, 5172-8 (2010),
  5. Kahlenberg JM et al. Neutrophil extracellular trap-associated protein activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome is enhanced in lupus macrophages. J Immunol. 190, 1217-26 (2013),
  6. Malmgaard L, Paludan SR. Interferon (IFN)-alpha/beta, interleukin (IL)-12 and IL-18 coordinately induce production of IFN-gamma during infection with herpes simplex virus type 2. J Gen Virol. 84, 2497-500 (2003),
  7. Matsunaga H et al. Physiological stress exacerbates murine colitis by enhancing proinflammatory cytokine expression that is dependent on IL-18. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 301, G555-64 (2011),
  8. Wang SZ et al. IL-12p40 and IL-18 modulate inflammatory and immune responses to respiratory syncytial virus infection. J Immunol. 173, 4040-9 (2004)
  9. Kahlenberg JM, Carmona-rivera C, Smith CK, Kaplan MJ. Neutrophil extracellular trap-associated protein activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome is enhanced in lupus macrophages. J Immunol. 2013;190(3):1217-26.
  10. Matsunaga H, Hokari R, Ueda T, et al. Physiological stress exacerbates murine colitis by enhancing proinflammatory cytokine expression that is dependent on IL-18. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2011;301(3):G555-64.
  11. Humann J, Lenz LL. Activation of naive NK cells in response to Listeria monocytogenes requires IL-18 and contact with infected dendritic cells. J Immunol. 2010;184(9):5172-8.
  12. Chaix J, Tessmer MS, Hoebe K, et al. Cutting edge: Priming of NK cells by IL-18. J Immunol. 2008;181(3):1627-31.
  13. Beadling C, Slifka MK. Differential regulation of virus-specific T-cell effector functions following activation by peptide or innate cytokines. Blood. 2005;105(3):1179-86.
  14. Wang SZ, Bao YX, Rosenberger CL, Tesfaigzi Y, Stark JM, Harrod KS. IL-12p40 and IL-18 modulate inflammatory and immune responses to respiratory syncytial virus infection. J Immunol. 2004;173(6):4040-9.
  15. Min CK, Maeda Y, Lowler K, et al. Paradoxical effects of interleukin-18 on the severity of acute graft-versus-host disease mediated by CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell subsets after experimental allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. Blood. 2004;104(10):3393-9.
  16. Malmgaard L, Paludan SR. Interferon (IFN)-alpha/beta, interleukin (IL)-12 and IL-18 coordinately induce production of IFN-gamma during infection with herpes simplex virus type 2. J Gen Virol. 2003;84(Pt 9):2497-500.
  17. Fukao T, Matsuda S, Koyasu S. Synergistic effects of IL-4 and IL-18 on IL-12-dependent IFN-gamma production by dendritic cells. J Immunol. 2000;164(1):64-71.
References
  1. Dao, T., et al., Cell Immunol. 173, 230-235 (1996)
  2. Micallef, M., et al., Eur. J. Immunol. 26, 1647-1651 (1996)
  3. Ushio, S., et al., J. Immunol. 156, 4274-4279 (1996)
  4. Okamura, H., et al., Nature 378, 88-91 (1995)