Atg14L forms a class III PI3K complex with Beclin1, Vps34 and p150. The Atg14L complex has been shown to accumulate in the isolation membrane and to function as a positive regulatory factor for autophagosome formation in the early stage of autophagy. Moreover, it has also been demonstrated that localization of Atg14L occurs not only in the isolation membrane and autophagosome but also in the endoplasmic reticulum membrane, suggesting a possible important role of the endoplasmic reticulum in autophagosome formation.
The complex consisting of Beclin1, hVps34, p150, Rubicon and UVRAG has been reported to regulate the processes of autophagosome/lysosome fusion (Autophagosome maturation) and endocytosis. These finding imply that the two important cell functions, autophagy and endocytosis, may be regulated by Atg14L and Rubicon via Beclin1.